Validate Binary Search Tree🚂
root of a binary tree, determine if it is a valid binary search tree (BST).
A valid BST is defined as follows:
- The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node’s key.
- The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node’s key.
- Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.
Input: root = [2,1,3]
Input: root = [5,1,4,null,null,3,6]
Explanation: The root node's value is 5 but its right child's value is 4.
- The number of nodes in the tree is in the range
-231 <= Node.val <= 231 - 1
Time complexity of below solution
O(n) since we are visiting each node only once.